Jimmy Carter served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981. He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002 for working to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, promoting democracy and human rights, and promoting the economy and society. development.
jimmy carter wanted government to be “competent and compassionate,” sensitive to the American people and their expectations. His achievements were remarkable, but in an era of rising energy costs, rising inflation, and ongoing stresses, it was impossible for his administration to meet these lofty expectations.
Carter, who has rarely used his full name, James Earl Carter, Jr., was born on October 1, 1924, in Plains, Georgia. Peanut farming, talking about politics and devotion to the Baptist faith were the pillars of his education. After graduating in 1946 from the Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, Carter married Rosalynn Smith. The Carters have three sons, John William (Jack), James Earl III (Chip), Donnel Jeffrey (Jeff), and a daughter, Amy Lynn.
after seven years of service as a naval officer, carter returned to the plains. In 1962 he entered state politics and eight years later was elected Governor of Georgia. Among the young new governors of the South, he attracted attention by emphasizing ecology, efficiency in government and the elimination of racial barriers.
Carter announced his candidacy for the presidency in December 1974 and began a two-year campaign that gradually gained momentum. at the democratic convention, he was nominated on the first ballot. He chose Senator Walter F. Mondale of Minnesota as his running mate. Carter campaigned hard against President Gerald R. Ford, debating with him three times. Carter won by 297 electoral votes to Ford’s 241.
carter worked hard to combat the continuing economic problems of inflation and unemployment. By the end of his administration, he could claim an increase of nearly eight million jobs and a decrease in the budget deficit, measured as a percentage of gross national product. Unfortunately, inflation and interest rates were near record highs, and efforts to reduce them caused a brief recession.
Carter could point to a number of accomplishments in domestic affairs. dealt with energy shortages by establishing a national energy policy and loosening control of domestic oil prices to stimulate production. he boosted government efficiency through civil service reform and proceeded with deregulation of the trucking and airline industries. sought to improve the environment. His expansion of the National Parks system included the protection of 103 million acres of Alaskan land. To increase human and social services, he created the department of education, strengthened the social security system, and appointed a record number of women, blacks, and Hispanics to government positions.
in foreign affairs, carter marked his own style. His defense of human rights was coldly received by the Soviet Union and some other nations. In the Middle East, through the Camp David Agreement of 1978, he helped create friendship between Egypt and Israel. he managed to obtain the ratification of the panama canal treaties. Building on the work of his predecessors, he established full diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China and completed the negotiation of the SALT II nuclear limitation treaty with the Soviet Union.
However, there were serious setbacks. the soviet invasion of afghanistan led to the suspension of plans to ratify the sal ii pact. takes her hostage from the u. yes Embassy staff in Iran dominated the news during the last 14 months of the administration. The fallout from Iran’s holding Americans captive, coupled with continued domestic inflation, contributed to Carter’s defeat in 1980. Even then, he continued difficult hostage negotiations. Iran finally released the 52 Americans the same day Carter left office.
the presidential biographies on whitehouse.gov are from “the presidents of the united states of america”, by frank freidel and hugh sidey. copyright 2006 by the white house historical association.
To learn more about President Carter, visit the Jimmy Carter Library and the Carter Center.
Learn more about James Carter’s wife, Rosalynn Smith Carter.